Tuesday, 8 December 2015

Knee Replacement Surgery in Chennai

Total Knee Replacement is performed if the knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury.The patient having knee arthritis can not perform, activities like walking or climbing stairs.The patient may also feel pain when, sitting or lying down.The Knee replacement surgery will be performed when the non surgical treatments like medications,physiotherapy and using walking support may not helpful. The Joint replacement surgery is most effective procedure to relieve the pain, correct the leg deformity and help to get back to the normal activities.

The knee is considered to be the largest joint in the body and it is better to have healthy knees to perform the everyday activities.The knee is build up of the lower end of the thighbone,and the upper end of the shinbone which is also called tibia and the knee cap,also called as patella.The ends of these bones where they coincide are covered with the articular cartilage, which is a smooth substance that protects the bones and enables them to move easily.

The most common causes of the knee pain and disability is the arthritis.Generally, there are many types of arthritis, but most of the knee pain are caused by osteoarthritis,rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is an age related wear and tear type of arthritis.It may mostly occur in the people of 50 years of age.

Rheumatoid arthritis: It is the disease that surrounds the joint and becomes inflamed and thickened.The chronic inflammation may damage the cartilage and causes pain and stiffness.

Post-traumatic arthritis: It may causes serious knee injury.The knee ligaments may damage the articular cartilage and causes knee pain and limits the knee function.


The knee replacement also called as knee arthroplasty, is the procedure in which the surface of the bones are get replaced.The procedure may have 4 basic steps.They are:

Preparing the bone: The damaged cartilage are removed along with the small amount of underlying bone.

Positioning the metal implants: The removed cartilage will be replaced with the metal components

Resurfacing the kneecap: The Kneecap has been cut and resurfaced with a plastic button.

Insert a spacer: The plastic spacer will be inserted between the metal components in order to create a smooth surface.

Tosh Hospital, one of the best orthopaedic hospital in Chennai offers Knee replacement surgery with better care and patient satisfaction.

For more details: www.toshhospitals.com