Wednesday, 28 December 2016

Knee Replacement - Back to Normal Life Again

The knee is an important joint and it bears the total weight of the body. It is the most common joint that gets worn out when people become aged. Hemophilia, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and patients with gout may also need a knee replacement surgery as these diseases severely affect the joints.

It is necessary to go in for Knee Replacement Surgery when the knee joints are totally damaged. Generally, prosthesis is used as an alternate for the knee joint, depending on the cost involved and the patient’s condition. The life of the replaced knee will be about twenty years whereas the life of the artificial knee depends totally on the patient’s activity.

There are two Types of Knee Replacement such as Partial Knee Replacement (Unicondylar) and Total Knee Replacement.

Partial Knee Replacement (Unicondylar): The worn out knee part is replaced. There are three compartments for a knee. Medial compartment (inside of the knee), lateral compartment (outer part of the knee) and patellofemoral compartment (front portion of the knee between the thighbone and kneecap). Even when any single compartment is worn out, this surgery is performed.

Total Knee Replacement: This joint arthroplasty is performed when all the compartments of the knee are totally affected. It is the most commonly done surgery that yields good results.

Patients who suffer from the above conditions are ideal for joint arthroplasty. A complete pre-operative evaluation will be done before the surgery especially for heart, hypertension, lung and UTI infection, and people with diabetes.

Implant selection

Numerous implants such as titanium alloys, zirconium alloys, oxonium implants, cobalt chromium alloys, and stainless steel are available for knee joint replacement surgeries. Such prosthetics are available in different designs with easier rotation to increase knee bending. Implant selection depends on the patient’s knee condition and the monetary status.

The stages involved in the knee replacement surgery are pre-operative, intraoperative, postoperative, and home care. Generally, the patients will be discharged within 7-10 days of the procedure.

The pre-operative session involves conducting thorough investigations such as blood tests, X-Ray, ECG, Echo, and Gynecological, cardiological and aesthetical interactions. Patient counseling will also be done.

Intra-operative Session: Patients will be taken to the operation stomach in an empty stomach. The surgery will last for two hours. Either epidural or general anesthesia is given to the patient based on their health conditions and the region below the waist is numbed. Quadriceps muscles are detached from the knee cap. The leg and thigh bones will be exposed by displacing the kneecap to one side. The ends of the bones are cut and the necessary cartilages and ligaments are removed. With a cementing material, the prosthesis is wedged on the bone. The stitches are made on the open wound.

Post-operative Session: The patient is provided with a knee brace and is advised to intake normal food along with the medicines prescribed by the surgeon. The blood is drained and the wound is dressed. Physiotherapy and knee bending exercises are taught to the patient. Once the patient starts to mobilize, they will be discharged.

Home Care: Caring for the wound is quite important. Physiotherapy will be given to the patient for 10 days, at home. The dressing should not be disturbed and should remain water-free. After 5 days dressing will be done and sutures will be removed after 10-12 days.

  • People with deformed knees
  • Stiffness and restricted bending
  • Those who do not comply with medications and physiotherapy
  • Pricking pain while sleeping
  • Restricted day-to-day activities such as walking, climbing stairs, etc.
  • Advantages of knee arthroplasty:
  • Relief from pain
  • Straightened knee free from deformities
  • Being able to bend upto 100 degrees
  • Enhanced and active lifestyle
TOSH Trauma & Orthopedic Speciality Hospital is located at Kilpauk, Chennai. It is being run by a highly experienced team of orthopedic surgeons. We offer a wide range of services and our hospital stands in the first row for

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Friday, 1 July 2016

Bringing Movement Back To Life

Do you suffer from back pain? Tried everything? Still in pain? Here is spine surgery to get off from back pain. TOSH Trauma & Orthopedic hospital offers the best spine surgery in Chennai.
Back pain is common among people of all age groups. Trauma, injuries to spine, aging etc are the reasons for back pain. Almost all back pain can be cured by physiotherapy, proper medication or by any other non-surgical procedures. When all these treatments fail, surgery is the preferred solution to get rid of  back pain.
Common conditions affecting back

  • Slipped disc
  • Narrowing spinal canal
  • Irritation or inflammation on nerve
  • Fractures caused by injury
  • After effect  of other infectious disease

Types of Spine surgeries
1. Discectomy
This surgical method is preferred if the following symptoms occur.
  • Leg pain
  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Failure of non-surgical treatment
This surgery is done to remove herniated disc material that is pressed on to the spinal cord.
After surgery the patient gets complete relief from pain.
This surgery  which is done to expand the narrowed hole that spinal nerve pass through as they exit the spine.
This narrowing can cause the following neurological symptoms.
  • Tingling sensation
  • Deep and steady pain
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
3. Laminectomy
This surgery is done to remove bone spurs. In addition to this, bones and damaged disc are also removed.
  • Heaviness in legs or buttocks
  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Experience difficulty in standing and walking.
In addition to above spine surgeries Spinal fusion (surgical method of joining two bones), Disc Replacement, Vertebroplasty/ Kyphoplasty ( here bone cement is injected into fractured bone to relieve pain) etc are also performed.

TOSH Trauma & Orthopedic hospital contains experienced orthopedic surgeons to perform the spine surgery. Come and see how we can guide you back to health.

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Wednesday, 13 January 2016

Arthritis Treatments in Chennai

Arthritis is one of the most common diseases which affects our joints. It entails a thinning of the articular cartilage, ligaments and changes in the joint capsule. In severe cases, it leads to deformation of the joint. It is often arthritis affects the hands (phalanges), foot, knee and elbow joints . Women are more likely than men suffer from arthritis. The disease manifests itself even in children. Every seventh inhabitant of the planet "familiar" with arthritis.

Causes of Arthritis
  • Infectious diseases. This is the most common cause. Perebolev SARS, the common cold, you are at risk. To it can be attributed to diabetics, people suffering from sexually transmitted  diseases, tuberculosis. As a rule, the causative agent of arthritis is Staphylococcus aureus or  Streptococcus.
  • Injuries, surgery. Arthritis is often a consequence of the injuries of the joints, frequent injuries or surgical interventions into the joint.
  • Hereditary diseases of the joints. We can not say that arthritis is inherited, but do not deny the  fact that the structure of the joint pathology often laid genetically. In any case, if the family  who is ill with arthritis, you should devote more time to prevention.
  • As the factors that trigger the appearance of arthritis, can be called overweight, hypothermia,  smoking, weakened immunity.

Symptoms and types of arthritis

arthritis - an inflammatory disease, its symptoms are any signs of inflammation in the joint such us
  • swelling, redness of the skin;
  • pain, especially after prolonged immobility;
  • increase in body temperature (acute arthritis);
  • stiffness in the movements (and sometimes with acute exacerbation of chronic arthritis).

How to cure arthritis

Modern medicine offers improved treatment to cure arthritis. For this you just need to meet an expert orthopedic specialist in your town. He’ll suggest you the right treatments according the condition of your affected joints.

We Tosh Hospitals offers Advanced Arthritis Treatments in Chennai at an affordable coast. Ask your doubts to our experts. For more details contact us or visit our website at