Friday, 6 December 2019

Alerting Symptoms of Bone Cancer

Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that form a mass known as a tumor. A tumor can develop in any part of the body. The place at which the tumor develops is known as ‘primary tumor site.’ 

 Bone cancer

What is Bone cancer?

Bone cancer is a very rare condition. Bone cancer can develop in any bone in the body. The majority of the cases are diagnosed in the lower body part, say thigh bone and shin bone. However, some tumors that start in the bone are not cancerous. They do not spread to other tissues and organs and are not usually life-threatening. These are often cured with surgery. 

Cancerous tumors are often known as True or primary bone tumors. These tumors start in the bone, muscle, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, fat tissue, as well as some other tissues. These are also called sarcomas. 

Warning Signs
Symptoms of primary bone cancer can be prevalent and vary depending on the location and the size of the tumor. Most of the signs are often misunderstood with other symptoms such as sports injuries, growing pains, or any other common conditions such as tendonitis or arthritis. 

The most common symptoms of bone cancer are:

Bone pain
Pain in the affected bone is the most common symptom. This can be constant or intermittent and get worse at night. As cancer grows, this pain can become more severe. When the bone is used (For activities such as walking, running, or work-related), the pain gets worse. Painkillers may not help all the time. 

Cancer affected area may be tender to touch. A lump or swelling may be seen or felt if the tumor is near the surface of the body. In other places like the pelvis, a lump or swelling may not be visible.

Difficulty in Movements
A person with bone cancer may experience problems with mobility, such as stiff joints or reduced movement. Bone cancer can also result in the development of an unexplained limp, which might cause pain and discomfort.

Bone cancer can weaken the bone or cause easy bruising. However, most of the time, the bones do not fracture (break). People with a fracture next to or through a bone tumor often experience severe pain in a bone that had been sore for a few months. 

Some other less common symptoms may also occur in patients with bone cancer. They are:
  • Tiredness
  • Sweats/fever
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of muscle tone

If you notice any of these bone cancer symptoms, please seek further advice from your doctor. Experts of TOSH Trauma & Orthopedic Hospital offer a precise diagnosis of your condition and provide a wide range of treatments and services.

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Thursday, 21 November 2019

Core connection of joints & blood

Out of all the joints and connections in the human body, the hip joint is one of the largest weight-bearing joints. These joints play a vital role in the stability and mobility of the body. Any damage to this joint will have an impact on regular lifestyle movements. 

Avascular necrosis is one of the factors that will cause damage to the hips. It is a deformity that occurs in the joints caused due to lack of blood supply to the head of the femur that leads to its collapse. This can be seen in chain smokers, deep-sea divers, and people who have prolonged steroid use. Usually, the young crowd is more affected by avascular necrosis.

People would experience mild to the moderate hip or groin pain, decreased hip movement, and a limp. At times there could be a sudden pain that gets worse with standing and walking. Usually, men tend to get avascular necrosis between 40 - 50 years old. 

Children who are affected by avascular necrosis might have spasms in their hips muscles, restricted hip movements, and a limp. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a type of avascular necrosis in children that leads to one of the causes of hip symptoms. 

Avascular necrosis can be caused due to the following:
  • Accidents 
  • Hip fractures 
  • Dislocations 
  • Sickle cell disease 
  • Gout 
  • Lupus

Hip core decompression for AVN
Usually, doctors would recommend surgery for most people who have avascular necrosis. Surgery is recommended when other treatments fail. Other treatments would include medications, exercises, and electrical stimulation, as well as having a limit on the weight-bearing joints. Doctors would suggest anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain.

Core decompression is considered to be a surgical procedure to treat avascular necrosis. It involves surgical drilling into the area of dead bone near the joint. The dead bone would be removed, which helps to stimulate bone production and the development of new blood vessels. Doctors provide stem cell injection along with core decompression. This is performed to harvest bone marrow from the hip bone, the pelvic bone, and then process and inject it after core decompression. This can help increase the blood flow and helps in the long-lasting effect of the treatment. This also helps to reduce pressure, increases the blood flow, and slows the bone/joint destruction. Most often, core decompression is used to treat osteonecrosis. 

At Tosh Hospitals,  doctors provide an effective treatment for all the deformities caused in joints and their related problems.
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Saturday, 19 October 2019

Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

The rotator cuff is a group of tendons and muscles in the shoulder that help keep the shoulder joint in place. They also help to lift and rotate the arms. But, sometimes an injury or overtime wear and tear causes a tear in the rotator cuff that manifests severe shoulder pain. Most of the tears can be fixed by prescribing medicines and physical therapy. Only when the pain is critical, and medication and other noninvasive techniques are ineffective in correcting the tear surgery is recommended. Arthroscopic surgery is the most preferred type of procedure that is used to repair the torn rotator cuff.

arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in chennai


Below are a few conditions that might cause a rotator cuff tear 

TENDINITIS – This condition is mainly seen in tennis players and painters who overuse their shoulders that cause the inflammation in the joint.
BURSITIS – It is caused by the inflammation of the bursa. These are the fluid-filled sacs present in between the rotator cuff and the underlying bone.
ACUTE INJURY OR OVERUSE – Injuries that are caused by lifting heavy objects, improper position of shoulders, or strain from a fall or injury can lead to tearing in the rotator cuff. 


Not all rotator cuff injuries cause pain. Mostly degenerative injuries start to show signs only after months of injury. Common symptoms include

  • Difficulty achieving full range of shoulder motion
  • Progressive weakness of the shoulder
  • Trouble sleeping during the night
  • Trouble reaching behind the back
  • Avoiding certain activities because of the pain


Doctors can identify the tear either by medical history, physical examination, or by imaging scans. X-rays help to identify any bone spurs while MRI is used to examine the soft tissues like muscles and tendons. 


Treatments include resting the affected arm to surgery based on the symptoms. Surgery is recommended only when the shoulder pain hasn’t improved after 6-12 months, Weakening of the shoulder, tear in the rotator cuff tendon, rely on the shoulder for your job or active in sports. 

Arthroscopic surgery is the most common procedure that is performed to repair the torn rotator cuff and reattach the tendon to the head of the humerus. It is a daycare procedure performed under anesthesia that makes use of arthroscope inserted into the small incisions made on the skin. The arthroscope displays the torn cuff images on the screen through which the surgeon will fix the problem. 

Recovery from arthroscopic surgery is faster when compared with open tendon surgery. However, complete recovery will take time and depends on how patients follow their physiotherapy exercises.

arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in chennai
Only an experienced orthopaedic surgeon or sports medicine specialist can identify the symptoms of rotator cuff tear.  Contact TOSH - Trauma and Orthopaedic Specialty Hospital, Chennai for immediate diagnosis and effective treatment of your shoulder pain.

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Tuesday, 17 September 2019

Different Types Of Hand Disorders

Hands are a unique part of the human body that symbolizes strength, power, and protection. According to Aristotle, the hands are the “Tool of Tools.” They are one of the greatest assets that can grasp, move, and manipulate objects. It has been estimated that almost 20% of all disabling accidents on the job involve the hands. Any hand injury can hamper basic hand movements and significantly affect the quality of life.
hand injury treatment chennai




It is a common condition that occurs when one of the primary nerves to the hand, known as the median nerve is squeed or compressed. It causes a feeling of numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hands. This condition is common in people who perform repetitive work using wrist and hand like typing. Doctors can suggest Steroid injections, Oral anti-inflammatory drugs, braces or splints as part of the nonsurgical treatment procedure. Surgery might be required if none of the nonsurgical procedures are effective in treating the condition.


It is a common hereditary disorder that causes an abnormal thickening of the tissue between the skin and the tendons in the palm. The initial symptom of the condition is the occurrence of a small lump or nodule in the palm. As the disease progress, the nodule might become painless and cause the curling of the fingers. Treatment will be most effective when sought only at an early stage.non surgical options like collagenase and corticosteroid injections are used to treat the condition.


It is a condition characterized by the inflammation of the tissues that surrounds the joint. The two types of arthritis that affect the hands are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. The former is caused due to the natural aging process whereas the later due to the immune system dysfunction. Both the conditions attack and wear away the protective cartilage lining between the bones in the hand and wrist. The noticeable symptoms include swelling, pain, or burning in the joints, lack of strength, and difficulty moving the wrist. The advanced treatments available to treat the condition are arthroscopic and minimally invasive techniques.
hand injury treatment chennai



Ganglion cyst is the most common hand tumor that grows either on the top or inner side of your wrist. Most hand tumors are not considered cancerous. The early indicator of the cysts is the appearance of the lump that might cause discomfort and pain. Aspiration is the most common treatment method used to treat cysts.

Apart from the above mentioned, other disorders that require immediate diagnosis and treatment include conditions like Fractures, Tendinitis, and Finger conditions(Mallet Finger, Nail bed injuries, and Trigger finger).

For effective and advanced treatments for your orthopaedic conditions, visit TOSH - Trauma and Orthopaedic Speciality Hospital,Chennai.
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Tuesday, 25 June 2019

How Effective Is Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem Cells are the body's raw materials from which cells with specialized functions are generated. Under a particular condition in the laboratory or the body, the stem cells divide to form daughter cells. Now, these daughter cells either become new stem cells or they become specialized cells which have some specific function. Scientists have started utilizing these stem cells in various medical fields.

The stem cell therapy is improvising rapidly in the field of medicine. The treatment involves separation of the stem cell from the bone marrow and applying it to various defective parts of the body. In the field of orthopaedics, it has helped to cure various disorders like osteoarthritis, cartilage repair & regeneration, tendinitis, non-union of fractures and osteonecrosis.

What benefits does stem cell therapy offer?

At present there are two types of stem cell injections one is the PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) and the other is the BMAC (Bone marrow aspirate concentrate). PRP therapy is the most effective form of Stem Cell therapy. It offers 5 main benefits:
  • It involves naturally-induced rejuvenation without the use of any strong acids, plumping agent or pharmaceutical chemicals.
  • The therapy has worked great for unresponsive injuries. For any sort of chronic pain, PRP therapy has helped to reduce the pain and other complexities related to the disease.
  • Not only PRP, but other stem cell injections also involve faster recovery. In the orthopaedic field Stem cell therapies have helped to cure redness and swelling within a short period.
  • The stem cell therapy also helps to reduce scarring post any complicated surgery.


Well, it should be noted that not all stem cell treatments are equally beneficial. Only the ones that involve bone marrow transplantation have proved to be safe and effective.

The TOSH Trauma & Orthopaedic Speciality hospital is a one-stop destination for all your orthopaedic related issues. It offers a plethora of advanced treatment options that meet international standards. Here we also perform Stem cell therapies like knee cartilage rejuvenation and PRP therapy to restore the joints and rejuvenate the area naturally.

For any orthopaedic related issues, call at +91-44 4903 4903, 09894467903.

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Monday, 27 May 2019

Suffering From Arthritis? Avoid These Foods

Arthritis is a condition that is caused due to inflammation in the joint area leading to excessive joint pain. Arthritis is not just a single disease; it is related to several other chronic diseases like diabetes, obesity, etc. It has become one of the most common kinds of lifestyle disease, affecting millions of people worldwide. The basic treatment for arthritis involves reducing joint pain and inflammation. But did you know there are certain anti-inflammatory foods that doctors suggest to include in the diet to prevent arthritis?

Well, there are also certain foods that should be completely avoided if you have arthritis. Read below to learn which foods trigger the growth of arthritis.

Top 4 food items that should be avoided

1.     Salt and Preservatives

Foods that contain excess salt & preservatives in them trigger the growth of arthritis. But how? Basically consumption of excess salt leads to inflammation in the joint. Having lesser amount of salt in your meal will help you manage arthritis in a better way. Eat foods that have lesser amount of sodium in them.

2.     Dairy Products

Dairy products contain a higher amount of rich protein in them. Excessive animal protein in the body irritates the tissues that are present around the joints. What most doctors suggest is shifting to a vegan diet. Having no animal protein through your meals is the best thing you can do to manage arthritis. Try to include more veggies and lentils in your diet.

3.     Fried & Processed Foods

Researchers say that decreasing the consumption of fried & processed foods help to reduce inflammation in the body parts and restore the defense mechanism of the body. So to manage arthritis, replace fried and frozen foods with freshly prepared healthy food.

4.     Sugar or refined Carbohydrates

AGE is a toxin that comes out from pasteurized, fried, grilled and heated food. An increase in AGE in the body results in inflammation. Excess amount of sugar and refined carbohydrates too, result in increases in the age. So to reduce arthritis pain cut out flours, candies and soda from your diet.

The best Orthopaedic healthcare provider in Chennai

TOSH Trauma and Orthopaedic Hospital is a one-stop destination that provides a variety of orthopaedic healthcare services at an affordable rate. The high specialized orthopaedic team keeps no stones unturned to help out the patients.

For any kind of orthopaedic related consultation or treatment, call us at +91-44 4903 4903/ 09894467903. 

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Thursday, 7 March 2019

Stem Cell Knee Cartilage Regeneration for Knee Arthritis

A major cause of work-related disability among millions of people across the world is knee pain from osteoarthritis. It leads to the gradual deterioration of knee joint cartilage and is a chronic degenerative disorder. It may be the result of a prior injury to the knee joint such as tendon damage, ligament tears, and fracture.

This causes wear and tear to the articular cartilage and leads to joint instability. Arthritis may lead to damage to the bone beneath the cartilage.

For pain relief, patients are usually given anti-inflammatory medications and physical therapy. The next line of treatment for knee cartilage repair is injection therapy with corticosteroids and hyaluronic acid. Surgical treatments such as microfracture, subchondral bone drilling, and arthroscopy, are often the next steps in the treatment cascade.

Unfortunately, many of these patients eventually undergo knee joint replacement surgery.


Stem cell therapy

A better alternative is stem cell therapy, which is a minimally invasive procedure. It can halt the progression of the arthritic damage, has the potential to decrease inflammation, delay or avoid knee replacement surgery, and repair joint cartilage.

It is a key-hole procedure used to preserve the natural knee joint in knee arthritis. To remove the worn out cartilage, the arthritic portion of the knee joint is scrapped and cleaned through a key-hole (Arthroscopy). Simultaneously, from the hip bone, 60ml bone marrow is aspirated through the needle, which is then concentrated to obtain stem cell and growth factors. This is combined with clotting gel and is injected into the knee joint. This procedure avoids total knee replacement surgery. One’s own natural knee can be retained through this procedure, which is its biggest advantage.

The patient will be able to move the joint fully soon after the procedure and will be sent home within 24 hours. After six weeks the patient can get back to normal life as well.

Stem Cell Knee Cartilage Regeneration in Chennai

As a result of advanced stem cell therapies, many patients have been able to avoid knee surgery. You can learn more about Stem Cell Knee Cartilage Regeneration in Chennai from TOSH – Trauma & Orthopaedic Speciality Hospital, who are experts in knee cartilage regeneration.

For knee cartilage injury stem cell knee cartilage replacement is the best option. You can get it done in Tamil Nadu. Even professional athletes have benefited from advanced regenerative therapies for orthopedic pain.
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